JHSE Volume 3, Number 3 Cover
Suzanne Stluka
South Dakota State University
Marjorie Zastrow
South Dakota State University
Christina Zdorovstov
South Dakota State University
Kuo-Liang Chang
South Dakota State University
Larissa Skjonsberg
South Dakota Department of Health


fruit and vegetable consumption, food desert, rural, food system, food supply chain, fresh fruits and vegetables, frozen fruits and vegetables, canned fruits and vegetables, locally grown, local food

How to Cite

Stluka, S., Zastrow, M., Zdorovstov, C., Chang, K.-L., & Skjonsberg, L. (2015). Review of Fruit & Vegetable Food System in South Dakota: Application and Policy Suggestions for Other Rural States. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 3(3). Retrieved from https://www.jhseonline.com/article/view/752


Insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables has been recognized as a possible reason for dietary deficiencies that contribute to rising chronic health issues and medical costs. Based on data generated by the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), South Dakota was listed as one of five states with the lowest daily adult vegetable intake (1.5 times per day). To continue the effort to promote a healthy diet, three independent surveys were developed and distributed to consumers, grocers, and growers (producers) to investigate factors that affected low consumption of fruits and vegetables and to identify opportunities to increase future consumption. To highlight the influences of geographic and socioeconomic disadvantages on fruit and vegetable consumption, the surveys specifically included the consideration of consumers’ income; access and preparation of available fruits and vegetables; preparation skills and available time; perceptions of fresh, canned, and frozen products; and knowledge and role fruits and vegetables play in prevention of chronic disease in the sample selection and data analysis. Survey respondents were divided into two regions: non-food desert (Region 1) and food desert (Region 2). This paper provides a summary of the survey results and policy suggestions generated based on our findings.

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